tax-refund

5 tips to maximise your tax refund

The best way to maximise your tax refund this year (and every year for that matter) is to make sure you claim everything that you are entitled to. The greater the tax deductions you claim, the larger your refund is likley to be.

Below are a few helpful hints and tips on how you can go about claiming the deductions that you are entitled to.

1 – Be organised

car-expenses

In general, before you can claim a deduction, you must satisfy three basic principles:

  • You must have spent the money yourself;
  • The expenditure must be related to your income; and
  • You must have a record to prove the expense.

More often than not, the expense is not claimed simply because it has been forgotten. Either the receipt has been thrown out, misplaced or was never received.

There are many ways to keep track of your costs. Here are a few you can implement before completing your 2018 tax return:

    • If you have a lot of cash expenses, you will need to go through all your receipts and keep all the ones that relate to the earning of your income. For example, this could be fuel for your car, materials/tools for work, stationery, books etc. Nowadays, there are many free apps you can use to scan and store them online or on your phone. And even though it is 2018, we find keeping receipts and invoices in folders or boxes still works just as well.
    • If you have a lot of expenses on your bank/credit card, every month, you should go through your statements and highlight all the work-related transactions. Come tax time, you will have a neat and simple record of all your expenses. If your statement does not show the supplier’s name or a description of the purchase, you must write these details in yourself.

2 – Claiming your car travel

Car travel expenses are some of the most incorrectly claimed deductions and, as a result, the ATO will be placing extra attention on taxpayers who claim these expenses in 2018.

A lot of people mistake traveling from home to work as a deductible expense. This is not the case and should not be claimed in your tax return.

However, there are many situations where claiming your car travel is perfectly allowable. These include:

      • Traveling between workplaces/worksites
      • Traveling to client meetings, training sessions, seminars etc
      • Traveling to and from work if you must carry bulky tools/equipment and cannot store them at work
      • Carrying private patient files and other sensitive materials between home and work

If you’re using your car a lot for work, it is best practice to keep track of all your car expenses (fuel, repairs, registration, insurance, tolls, parking etc). Keeping a logbook is also essential to maximising your car claim.

3 – Claiming your home office expenses

In today’s society, many people find themselves working longer hours. This trend often results in working additional hours from home both after hours and on weekends. This is especially true of small business owners who, more often than not, are burdened with record keeping for their business.

Depending on your personal situation, you may able to claim a proportion of costs such as:

  • Rent or mortgage interest
  • Gas and electricity
  • Internet and home phone
  • Home office stationery and furniture

The types of expenses that you can claim, and the amount you can claim are dependent on whether you work solely from home, or whether you only work part time/nights from home. It also depends on the type of work you do and the whether you have a dedicated space at home used solely for work.

4 – Charities and Donations

Another expense that is often forgotten are the donations made during the year.

Donations are given out of kindness and dedication to a cause, and we often don’t think about the tax benefits we can receive for our generosity. Nevertheless, the Australian Government reward your kindness with a tax deduction.

One of the most overlooked deductions within this category are school building fund contributions. If your child is enrolled in a semi private, fully private or catholic school, these contributions could add up to thousands of dollars per year. Keep a record of these payments and the invoices provided to you by the school.

To be able to claim donations to a charity, the payment must satisfy a few conditions. They are:

  1. The donation must be $2 or more;
  2. You must have a valid receipt/invoice;
  3. The charity/organisation must be a Deductible Gift Recipient;
  4. The donations must be monetary or a financial asset (eg you can donate a car and claim a deduction in certain circumstances. But you can’t get a deduction for donated clothes).

5 – Other work-related expenses

Different occupations have different expenses that are able to be claimed. Generally, deductions are occupation specific. For example, a doctor will claim different deductions to an electrician, and a plumber will incur different expenses to a teacher.

There are many small expenses that you incur for work which add up over the course of the year.

Some expenses are more obvious than others such as tools, seminars/training and so on. But some are missed like your mobile phone expenses, stationery, memberships/subscriptions etc.

If you incur an expense related to your work, then more often than not, it will be deductible.

As always, keep track of all these expenses and come tax time we will assist you in maximising your tax deductions.

Find out more

Listed here are a small sample of what you might be able to claim.

For more information on what you are entitled to and to maximise your tax refunds, please speak to us and we can steer you in the right direction.

travel deductions

Travel deductions to and from rental premises no longer allowed

If you own residential premises that you rent out, you should be aware that you may no longer be able to claim travel deductions connected with trips you make to and from those premises.

Travel expenditure incurred on or after 1 July 2017 in connection with residential premises from which you earn rent or other assessable income will not be deductible (subject to certain exceptions – see below). This includes expenses for travel undertaken to, for example, collect rent, inspect, or maintain the premises.

The measure was originally announced in May as part of the 2017–2018 Federal Budget. We now have legislation that will implement this.

“Travel expenditure includes motor vehicle expenses, taxi or hire car costs, airfares, public transport costs, and any meals or accommodation related to the travel”

Some workplaces require their staff to wear a uniform. Or if you’re a tradie, you will be required to wear steel capped boots, heavy duty protective clothing and other items. You could claim:

  • Uniform
  • Laundry
  • Protective shoes or non-slip shoes
  • Safety equipment and protective clothing
  • Sunglasses and sunscreen.

It does not matter where the residential premises are located. For example, if you travel by car to mow the lawn of a house you rent out, you will not be able to deduct those car expenses. Similarly, if you fly interstate for a couple of days to inspect an apartment you rent out and you stay in a hotel, you will not be able to claim a deduction for your flights, hotel, meals and taxis (eg, to and from the airport or from the hotel to the apartment).

There are a number of exceptions to this, which are as follows:

  • if the expenditure is incurred in carrying on a business (eg, if you own many residential rental premises and you are treated as carrying on a business);

  • if the expenditure is incurred by a company;

  • if the expenditure is incurred by a managed investment trust or a public unit trust;

  • if the expenditure is incurred by a superannuation fund – but this exception does not apply if the fund is a self-managed fund (SMSF), so travel expenditure incurred by an SMSF will not be deductible.

If the residential rental premises are owned by a partnership, the travel expenditure will not be deductible unless all members of the partnership are one of the excluded entities listed above – ie, a company, managed investment trust, public unit trust or superannuation fund that is not an SMSF.

You should also be aware that any travel expenditure that is not deductible will be ignored in working out your capital gain (or loss) should you sell the premises – in other words, the expenditure cannot reduce the capital gain (or increase the loss).

The changes will not prevent you from engaging third parties such as real estate agents to provide property management services for an investment property. These expenses will remain deductible.

Other restrictions

There are two other related measures that were announced in the Federal Budget:

  • limiting depreciation deductions for second-hand depreciating assets used or installed in residential rental premises; and

  • imposing an annual vacancy fee on foreign owners of residential property that is not occupied or genuinely available for rent for at least six months in a 12-month period.

Do you rent out residential premises?

If you rent out residential property that you own, please contact our office for further information on what is deductible from the tax you may owe.

Refund

Maximise your refund, don’t miss any deductions

People who lodge their own tax return commonly make two mistakes which will cost them dearly.

The first mistake is claiming personal expenses that are not deductible.

Claiming expenses that are not deductible can be disastrous. Not only do they run the risk of getting audited by the ATO, but if they are audited, they will have to repay the tax refund that was wrongfully received and may also face additional fines and penalties.

The second mistake is not knowing what expenses can be legitimately claimed in their tax return. Not knowing which expenses to deduct will also hurt the hip pocket. The ATO does not automatically include deductions in a tax return, so not knowing what to claim can mean the refund could be lost forever.

Different professions are able to claim different types of expenses. There is no “one size fits all” guide to claiming tax deductions. If you are unsure if your expenses are deductible, its always best to keep your receipts and ask your accountant when completing your tax return.

You can avoid both these mistakes by going to a qualified chartered accountant and registered tax agent. In order to complete your tax return accurately and get the best refund you are entitled to, contact us and we can put you on the right path.